Authors: Yazykov O.V., Leonov V.V.
Introduction. Up to 70 % of the female population of Ukraine has benign breast diseases, so it is extremely important to treat these patients. We know that sector resection of breast is aimed at the elimination of pathologically altered focus, but this method does not provide satisfactory aesthetic results. Scar deformation of the breast, the loss of its natural appearance after surgery significantly reduces the quality of life of patients, which can be a convincing evidence of the low efficiency of sector resection.
Our aim is to analyze the effectiveness of breast benign surgery using traditional and modified techniques.
Material and Methods. We studied the results of treatment of 151 patients with benign breast diseases: 106 women were operated using the developed methods, sector resection of the breast was performed on 45 patients performed. We used the instruments SF-36v2TM to assess quality of life; we used BEQ before surgery, in 3 and 12 months after surgery to assess the aesthetic satisfaction tool. We estimated radicality and validity of operations from the results of histological examination of removed tissue.
Discussion. The analysis of questionnaires for three observation periods revealed that sector resection of the breast did not change the health-related quality of life of patients (51.9 and 46.08 vs. 50.8 and 47.75 points before surgery for PCS and MCS, respectively (MID ˂ 2). At the same time, a significant negative impact on the aesthetic component of quality of life made the results of surgical treatment unsatisfactory. However, the developed operations enhanced health-related quality of life of patients in a year (53.7 and 53.8 vs. 51.01 and 43.57 points before surgery for PCS and MCS respectively, p = 0.01; MID ˃ 2). For instance, significantly increased the satisfaction of the aesthetic state of breast (3.82 and 3.78 vs. 3.58 and 3.53 points before surgery for satisfaction with attributes level of self-confidence, p ˂ 0.05). Polycystic breast lesions in more than 20 % of cases expressed proliferative and degenerative changes. Therefore, the maximum removal of tissue is the prevention of breast cancer. Due to the high probability of dysplastic changes in fibroadenomas in patients older than 35 years (10 %), we believe that observation and conservative treatment is unacceptable.
Key words: breast benign lesions, mini-invasive operations, plastic and reconstructive surgery, quality of life.