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Authors: Davidova T. V., Volianskiy A. Yu.

Pages: 391-404



Liposomal technology vaccine delivery is currently experiencing a new renaissance. Liposomes (phospholipid vesicles with bilayer) is a versatile and reliable systems of antigens delivery to induce antibodies and T lymphocytes. Over the past 15 years, improved technology liposomal vaccines and today several vaccines containing liposomes with adjuvants approved or have reached the last stage of clinical evaluation. With this in mind, we have provided a systematic review of physical and chemical factors that should be considered designing liposomal vaccines. The overall analysis of the literature clearly shows that these factors (size, charge, composition, method of attachment of the antigen) have significant implications for the potential immunogenicity of the drug and should be carefully chosen. Despite the tendencies of associative connection biophysical parameters vesicles of immunogenicity, the interconnectedness of various biophysical factors determines need to optimize some specific compositions for vaccination programs for each. Although a large number of literary references describes the importance of biophysical parameters of liposomal formulations for the exercise of their specific immunogenicity, many important questions remain unanswered. At the cellular level is not clear how lipid substances affect the processing of the antigen and its presentation? Little is known about the cellular distribution of lipid modified peptides.
Further research is needed to determine mechanistic basis adjuvant action of cationic lipids and liposomal formulations in general. Given the versatility of liposomal carriers and their ability to simultaneous operation of several molecules adjuvants, liposomes seemingly ideal system model to study the phenomenon of synergism in great detail in vitro and in vivo.

Keywords: vaccines, liposomes, immunogenicity.

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