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SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS AND PREVALENCE OF RISK FACTORS CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE PATIENTS TYPE 2 DIABETES AND HYPERTENSION (LITERATURE REVIEW)

Authors: Bereznyakov I. G., Levadna Y. V., Doroshenko, O. V., Sidorov D. Y , Pozhar V. I.

Pages: 405-416

Abstract

  

The article deals with the socio-economic status (SES) and the prevalence of risk factors (RF) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2 and essential hypertension (EH). Determined the prevalence of risk factors, depending on the occupational status, smoking, alcohol consumption, low physical activity influence on mortality according to age. Paying special role metabolic syndrome, its dependence on SES. Attention is given to the link between SES, presence of DM type 2, the presence of hypertension and the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Comorbid diseases becomes actualer when combined diseases have great medical and social importance. These diseases include such common diseases accompanied by high morbidity, disability and mortality, treatment and which prevention causes high economic costs. Diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2 and hypertension can be included for these deasease confidently. Distribution and danger of these diseases give necessity to study the pathogenesis, treatment and prevention.

Diabetes, especially type 2, is a very common disease, and epidemiological studies in recent years suggest the "epidemic of diabetes." primary goal of treatment of patients with hypertension is "to achieve maximum reduction in the long-term total risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It requires the treatment of all modified risk factors, including smoking, dyslipidemia, abdominal obesity or diabetes, adequate therapy associated with hypertension clinical conditions and reduce high blood pressure. Personal risk factors for cardiovascular disease (smoking, alcohol abuse, sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, obesity) are more common in individuals with low SES. Obesity and smoking are often seen as indicators of social stress. Most studies have reported on the relationship between the parameters of SES and cardiovascular disease. An inverse relationship between SES and metabolic syndrome is established, which is largely mediated by lifestyle.

Кеу words: diabetes mellitus, essential hypertension, socio-economic status, risk factors.

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