Authors: Valetskiy Yu.
The aim of the study was to examine the psychological characteristics and psychoneurotic disorders in patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis with effective, ineffective and missing treatment of the disease. To solve this problem were examined clinically, radiologically and by questionnaire patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis.
Diagnosis of tuberculosis led to the stress of the patients. Later there came to addictive disease and primary psychoneurotic disorders disappeared by improving the patient's condition and treatment. In patients with ineffective treatment they grew and changed with new ones. With the deterioration of patients, increased toxicity and clinical manifestations of growing anxiety, neurotic amplified and psychological disorders.
The authors identified four stages in the evolution of psychoneurotic disorders: stress and neurotic stage, mental adaptation stage, the stage of dynamic psychoneurotic disorders, phase of involution or strengthening psychoneurotic disorders. They depend on the course and results of treatment of TB patients.
We found 14 psycho types of responding to the diagnosis of tuberculosis or ineffective treatment: harmonious, melanholic, listless, euphoric, anozohnozic, anxious, aggressive, neurasthenic, sensitive, hypochondriac, erhopathic, paranoid, obsessive-phobic mixed.
In effectively treated patients dominated harmonious and euphoric type of perception of the disease. In previously treated ineffectively dominated neurasthenic, anxious, anozohnozic, melanholic, aggressive types of responses to the disease, while in untreated patients - anxious, hypochondriac, paranoid psychotypes.
These psycho response of TB patients can be used to customize their methods of correction.
Keywords: tuberculosis, treatment, psychological and psychoneurotic specialities.