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General Rules for Writing

The information is based upon the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals” which authors can find online. The editorial board examines each manuscript in compliance with copyright and ethical norms of scientific publication.

View the Ethical Principles.

To be published in the journal applicants must submit:

    1. Manuscript;
    2. Abstract in English;
    3. References;
    4. Agreement of Copyright Assignation (Submit the photocopy of the Agreement of Copyright Assignation signed by the authors).

 General Rules for Writing. The manuscript must demonstrate its novelty, importance and rises questions of a particular field of either clinical or experimental medicine. Use simple and declarative sentences and commonly accepted terms; avoid long sentence and idle words. We recommend that for clarity you use the past tense to narrate particular events in the past, including the procedures, observations and data of the study that you are reporting. Use the present tense for your own general conclusions, the conclusions of the previous researchers and generally accepted facts. Thus, narration of "Abstract" and "Experimental Procedures" should be in the past tense, while "Introduction", "Results", "Discussion" and "Conclusion" should be in the present tense. The terms should be given according to the anatomical and histological nomenclatures; diseases – according to the current International Classification of Diseases; drugs – according to the International Nonproprietary INN,

Technical Specifications. The manuscript should be typed in MS WORD using А4. Use Times New Roman typeface in 12 pts front size, 1.5 spaced with the margins: top, bottom and left – 1.5; right – 2.0. The length of original articles (apart from the title page, tables, figures and references) should not exceed – 12 printed pages, review of literature – 15–20 printed pages, clinical cases and correspondence – 7 printed pages. The list of references for original articles and the review of literature is unlimited, and for the clinical case as well as correspondence – 10 references.

Abbreviations. Abbreviations should be defined on their first appearance in the text, except of the units of measurement. Avoid generally unacceptable abbreviations. Do not use abbreviations in the title and abstract.

Units of measurement. We strongly recommend the use of correct and established nomenclature wherever possible. Measurements of length, height, weight and volume should be reported in metric units (meter, kilogram or liter) or their decimal multiples. Hematologic and clinico-biochemical units should be reported in the metric system in terms of the International System of Units (SI).

Organization of the manuscript

The manuscript should be organized into the following sections:


  1. Title Page
  2. Abstract in English
  3. Key words
  4. Introduction
  5. Experimental Procedure
  6. Results
  7. Discussion
  8. Conclusion
  9. Acknowledgements
  10. References
  11. Tables
  12. Figures


We draw particular attention of authors to the importance of carefully preparing title, keywords and abstract as these elements are indicators of the manuscript content in bibliographic database and search engines. Besides, authors should carefully prepare their affiliations and personal information as it effects their further indexing.  

Title Page. The Title Page should contain the full title of the paper, full names of authors, affiliations and positions, contact address and e-mail of the author responsible for correspondence. We strongly recommend the title should be informative, specific to the paper, yet concise (75 characters or less). Avoid specialist abbreviations and non-standard acronyms. Words should not be capitalized.

Download the sample of title page.

Abstract.The text of abstract should be approximately 1.5 – 3 thousand characters. The abstract should contain three paragraphs. The abstract should give the idea of the basic content of the paper and stay the Objective(s) of the study or investigation, basic Methods (selection of study subjects or laboratory animals; observation and analytical methods), main Results (giving specific data and their statistical significance, if possible) and the principal Conclusion. Is should emphasize novelty and importance of the study of observation.

Key Words. The list of Key Words should be of 5 – 10 words maximum, separated by commas. We suggest that key words are other than those used in the title.

Introduction. This section should supply sufficient information concerning the state of the discussed issues of the manuscript. It should provide full information about the raised question and possible solutions. As you compose the introduction, think of the readers who are not experts in this field. Also introduction should conclude statement of the rationale for the study, the overall purpose of the paper and the hypothesis of which it was based on.

Experimental Procedures. This section should include sufficient technical information to enable the experiments or clinical research to be reproduced by other scientists. Manuscripts describing experiments on human beings and animals should clearly state that the research has been complied with all relevant Ukrainian (national) and international regulations. Clinical studies on participants must have been conducted by following the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki. Similarly, authors must confirm that experiments involving animals adhered to the ethical standards and conform to the legal requirements with the European Communities Council Directive of November 24, 1986 for the care and use of Laboratory Animals for experimental procedure. Protocols for new methods or significant modifications to existing methods should be also included, while well-established protocols should only be referenced. It must provide information about the computational analyses and used technical details (methods, models applied or newly developed).

Results. This section should provide details to all of the obtained results of the experiments. Remember that large datasets might be more concisely presented in the tables. Avoid repetitions in the Results, if this information has been already presented as tables or figures. Limit illustrations to those that are absolutely necessary to show the experimental findings.

The section may be divided into subsections.

Discussion. The Discussion should provide an interpretation of the results in relation to previously published and modern works. Is should not contain extensive repetition of the Results or reiteration of the Introduction.

The Results and Discussion sections may be combined into one section.

Conclusion. The Conclusion should provide answers and possible solutions for the raised questions and issues of the article. This section could also give perspectives for the further researches.

Acknowledgements. This section should describe sources of funding (either an institution or individual person) that have supported the work. Recognition of personal assistance may be also given here. For example people who contributed to the work, but do not fit the criteria for authors (technical person, laboratory assistant, etc).

References. The author is responsible for the accuracy of the data provided in the bibliography. References to unpublished work or materials as a manuscript (dissertations, reports) are not allowed. The list of references should include only those publications that are cited in the text. References should be arranged and numbered consecutively in the order in which they first appear in the text. Thus, they should be assigned Arabic numeral and given in brackets, e.g. [18]Multiple citations within a single set of brackets should be separated by semicolon. Authors should provide abbreviations of journal titles according to the standards of Index Medicus. References in figures and tables should be listed as last.

Download the sample of references.

Tables. Provide each table on a separate page of the manuscript after the references. Do not use any colors or other style formatting on tables. Use only simple borders. Tables should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals and referred to in the text by number, e.g. (Table 3). Each table should have an explanatory caption which should be as concise as possible. Write explanations essential to the understanding of the table at the bottom of the table. Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean where appropriate. Table heading has to be centered and typed in Times New Roman typeface in 12pts front size. Footnotes can be used to explain abbreviations but should not include detailed descriptions of the experiment.

Figures. Provide each figure on a separate page of the manuscript after the references and tables. Number the figures according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all figures. Graphs and figures should be in black/white or colored. Each figure should have a concise title, which is placed under the figure and centered. Each figure legend should provide enough information so that the figure is understandable without frequent reference to the text. The legend should be succinct while still explaining all symbols and abbreviations.

All graphics and formulas must be set up in MS OFFICE applications.


The editorial board may reject a manuscript if, firstly, it contains many stylistic, orthographic and grammar mistakes. Secondly, the organization of a manuscript does not meet general requirements for writing.